Alexandre de Alcântara graduated in 1993, and since 1995, he is a reference in the treatment of musicians in Brazil. In 2012, at the request of Mr. Alcântara, the Brazilian Federal Council of Dentistry reformulated its procedures and approved a regulation that benefited all Brazilian wind instrumentalists, giving them the status of patients with special needs within Dentistry. Author of books, articles and various publications, Mr. Alcântara has already been interviewed by many television channels, as well as by important media in the dental and musical areas in Brazil and abroad.
The rehabilitation of the performance of wind musicians through dental treatment requires an understanding of dental materials and protocols, as well as a knowledge of the physiology of mandibular movements of the musician during musical performance. A wind musician, he has developed for years a coordinated action of several muscles - of the mouth, lips, chin and face - that regulates the opening and closing of the lips. The embouchure, as is often known, also acts as a region that separates the instrument from the lips. This double function - control of the opening and protection of the lips - allows a small area of the lips to produce rapid vibrations that, consequently, will alter the air column inside the instrument, producing the musical notes. The function of Dentistry as a whole is aimed at preserving the oral health of all people, promoting the maintenance of all the functions for which the oral system is prepared. It is up to the dental surgeon to examine and diagnose the possible lesions that affect the stomatognathic system both in the common sense, the one that treats the individual who does not use his mouth as an aid to the occupational activity, as of the one who does it. Wind musicians place or support part of their instrument in the lips and buccal structures. This support can cause or can be affected by injuries that need to be studied. The lack of research in this sense to find possible injuries in these professionals may be creating a gap in our dental activity. The amount of wind instruments in the world is incalculable, especially when we analyze the diverse tribes and cultures spread around the world. In this sense, I propose to open debates about these professionals and how their oral structures are affected.
Presently, Dr Farrukh Faraz is involved in teaching both the undergraduates & post graduate students at Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi , India. Had completed his MDS in 2002 . Research expertise include involvement in an extensive research project under the aegis of Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Govt. of India, where he is involved in Designing & manufacturing a state of art Implant system best suited to conditions of the Asian Subcontinent. Has more than 18 publications in National & International Journals.
Introduction: Regeneration has been the most sought after & also a rather elusive goal in Periodontics. This may be partly due to the mechanical, bacterial, thermal insults to which the oral cavity is subjected to time & again. Often the patient's report with soft and hard tissue defects result from a variety of causes, such as infection, trauma, and tooth loss. However, with the advances in biomaterials as well as techniques of Bone Allograft processing, there have been huge strides made in achieving the regenerative end result. With the advent of dental Implants, & to ensure prosthetically -driven dental implant therapy, reconstruction of the alveolar bone through a variety of regenerative surgical procedures has become more predictable. Reconstructive osseous surgeries include socket preservation, sinus augmentation, and horizontal and vertical ridge augmentation. The scope of use bone grafts in Periodontics is ever increasing Therefore, this case series aims at illustrating the application of different Bone grafts & their substitutes in varied situations for achieving optimal results for various therapies. Conclusion: There exist many techniques & graft materials suited for different situations & achieving different objectives. An evidence based approach & extensive literature review could help the clinician in judicious treatment planning to achieve the desired objective.